STI productivity or STI output?

Patent statistics and publication statistics provide important indicators for measuring R&D output. Long time series are available and the data allow cross-country comparison. This section looks more closely at the role of publications and patents (applications and grants) as an output of R&D expenditure.

Chapter 5 STI productivity or STI output?

  • Introduction

  • Scientific publications

  • Citations

  • Co-publications

  • Social sciences & humanities

  • Patents

 

 

 

 

 

 

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